Archaeologists in Cambodia have found multiple, previously undocumented medieval cities not far from the ancient temple city of Angkor Wat in groundbreaking discoveries that promise to upend key assumptions about south-east Asia’s history.
The Australian archaeologist Dr Damian Evans, whose findings will be published in the Journal of Archaeological Science on Monday, will announce that cutting-edge airborne laser scanning technology has revealed multiple cities between 900 and 1,400 years old beneath the tropical forest floor, some of which rival the size of Cambodia’s capital, Phnom Penh.
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Filed under: Archaeology, aerial survey, Angkor, Angkor Wat, Archaeology, architecture, Asia, Cambodia, city, lidar, Mahendraparvata, medieval, medieval cities, Phnom Kulen, Siem Reap, south-east Asia, survey, UNESCO, World Heritage Site
A total of five natural World Heritage Sites were inscribed during the present session of the World Heritage Committee: Lakes of Ounianga (Chad); Sangha Trinational (Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo,); Chengjiang Fossil Site (China); Western Ghats (India); Lena Pillars Nature Park (Russian Federation).
Rock Islands Southern Lagoon (Palau) was inscribed as a mixed natural and cultural site.
A total of 20 cultural sites were inscribed during the session:
- Pearling, Testimony of an Island Economy (Bahrain); Major Mining Sites of Wallonia (Belgium);
- Rio de Janeiro, Carioca Landscapes between the Mountain and the Sea (Brazil);
- The Landscape of Grand-Pré (Canada);
- Site of Xanadu (China);
- Historic Town Grand-Bassam (Côte d’Ivoire);
- Nord-Pas de Calais Mining Basin (France);
- Margravial Opera House Bayreuth (Germany);
- Cultural Landscape of Bali Province: the Subak System as a Manifestation of the Tri Hita Karana Philosophy (Indonesia);
- Masjed-e Jāmé of Isfahan (Islamic Republic of Iran),
- Gonbad-e Qābus (Islamic Republic of Iran);
- Sites of Human Evolution at Mount Carmel : The Nahal Me’arot/Wadi el-Mughara Caves (Israel);
- Archaelogical Heritage of the Lenggong Valley (Malaysia);
- Rabat, Modern Capital and Historic City: a Shared Heritage (Morocco);
- Birthplace of Jesus: Church of the Nativity and the Pilgrimage Route, Bethlehem (Palestine);
- Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications (Portugal);
- Bassari Country: Bassari, Fula and Bedik Cultural Landscapes (Senegal);
- Heritage of Mercury Almadén and Idrija (Slovenia/Spain);
- Decorated Farmhouses of Hälsingland (Sweden);
- Neolithic Site of Çatalhöyük (Turkey).
More detailed descriptions of each of the newly inscribed properties can be found here (with photos).
Birthplace of Jesus: Church of the Nativity and the Pilgrimage Route, Bethlehem (Palestine) was inscribed on UNESCO’s List of World Heritage in Danger, as it was added to the List of World Heritage. Two of Mali’s World Heritage sites, Timbuktu and the Tomb of Askia, were also added to the List of World Heritage in Danger, as were Liverpool Maritime Mercantile City (UK) and the Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo (Panama).
Two conservation success stories were recognized by the World Heritage Committee allowing for them to be removed from the List of World Heritage in Danger: Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore (Pakistan) and the Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras (Philippines).
Filed under: Cultura, Heritage, culture, Heritage, Russia, UNESCO, World Heritage Site